Embassy of India in Washington, D. Republic of India and the United States of America. Prominent leaders of India’s freedom movement had friendly relations with the United States of America which continued well after independence indo forex school Great Britain in 1947. In the 21st century, Indian foreign policy has sought to leverage India’s strategic autonomy in order to safeguard sovereign rights and promote national interests within a multi-polar world.
Americans viewing India favorably in 2015. The relationships between India in the days of the British Raj and the US were thin. In the 1930s and early 1940s the United States gave very strong support to the Indian independence movement in defiance of the British Empire. The first significant immigration from India before 1965 involved Sikh farmers going to California in the early 20th century. Serious tension erupted over American demands, led by President Franklin D. President Harry Truman and Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru, with Nehru’s sister, Madame Pandit, waving from their limousine as they leave Washington National Airport, during Nehru’s visit to the United States, 1949. America under the Truman administration leaned towards favouring India in the late 1940s as a consequence of most U.
India more valuable diplomatically than its neighbour Pakistan. American officials perceived India’s policy of non-alignment negatively. In 1948, Nehru rejected American suggestions for resolving the Kashmir crisis via third party mediation. His 1949 tour of the US was “an undiplomatic disaster” that left bad feelings on both sides.
Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru receiving President Dwight D. Eisenhower at Parliament House, before the President’s address to a joint session of Parliament, 1959. Eisenhower was the first US President to visit India to strengthen the staggering ties between the two nations. US ambassador to India, with President John F. India was considered a strategic partner and counterweight to the rise of Communist China. Chinese Communists have been moving ahead the last 10 years. India has been making some progress, but if India does not succeed with her 450 million people, if she can’t make freedom work, then people around the world are going to determine, particularly in the underdeveloped world, that the only way they can develop their resources is through the Communist system.
The Kennedy administration openly supported India during the 1962 Sino-Indian war and considered the Chinese action as “blatant Chinese Communist aggression against India”. President Nixon at the arrival ceremony for Prime Minister Indira Gandhi, on the South Lawn of the White House, 1971. Following the assassination of Kennedy in 1963, Indo-US relations deteriorated gradually. Indian Prime Minister Morarji Desai with US President Jimmy Carter, at the Oval office, 1978.
In the late 1970s, with the anti-Soviet Janata Party leader Morarji Desai becoming the Prime Minister, India improved its relations with the US, now led by Jimmy Carter, despite the latter signing an order in 1978 barring nuclear material from being exported to India due to India’s non-proliferation record. Despite the return of Indira Gandhi to power in 1980, the relations between the two countries continued to improve gradually, although India did not support the United States in its role in the Soviet invasion and occupation of Afghanistan. The Reagan Administration provided limited assistance to India. Soon after Atal Bihari Vajpayee became Indian Prime Minister, he authorised nuclear weapons testing at Pokhran.
Prime Minister Vajpayee with President Bush in the Oval office, 2001. India emerged in the 21st century as increasingly vital to core US foreign policy interests. India, a dominant actor in its region, and the home of more than one billion citizens, is now often characterised as a nascent Great Power and an “indispensable partner” of the US, one that many analysts view as a potential counterweight to the growing clout of China. President Bill Clinton visited India, undertaking bilateral and economic discussions with Prime Minister Vajpayee.