The Authority’ on Price Action Trading. In 2016, Nial won the Million Dollar Trader Competition. Since you have read part 1 and you now know which currency pairs to focus which forex pair is the best to trade and why, it is important that you understand when the different forex trading sessions are, how they differ from each other, and the best times and days to trade. It is true that the forex market is open 24 hours a day, but that doesn’t mean the market is active and worth trading for the entire day.
The idea is to trade when the market is the most volatile, because volatility means that a market is moving, and money is made when the markets are moving, not when the market is quiet and calm. As a price action trader you should be especially excited about volatility, because price action strategies thrive in volatile market conditions due to the fact that they simply reflect the dynamics of price movement and provide you with easy to identify setups which allow you take advantage of volatility. When are the various forex trading sessions? Note: The chart to the right reflects the Tokyo open and ignores the Sydney open, we have included the Sydney open in the description below, which is an hour earlier than the Tokyo open. London trading session: the London trading session opens at 3:00am EST and closes at 12:00pm EST. New York trading session: the New York trading session opens at 8:00am EST and closes at 5:00pm EST.
You will notice that in between each trading session there is a window of time where two sessions are operating at the same time. 4:00am EST, the Asian and London sessions overlap, and from 8:00-12:00pm EST, the London and New York sessions overlap. As you may have guessed these over-lapping periods within the three trading sessions are the times when volume and volatility rise to peak levels. London session is closing the New York session is opening. The Asian trading session begins at 6:00pm EST as trading gets underway in New Zealand and Australia, an hour later at 7pm EST Tokyo opens up. Japan is the third largest forex trading center in the world. The yen is the third most traded currency, involved in about 19.
Tokyo, Hong Kong, Singapore, and Sydney. That said, price will sometimes make powerful moves during the Asian session. Major news releases for New Zealand, Australia, Japan, and China come out during the Asian session, so the NZD, AUD, and JPY currency pairs tend to move more than the others during the Asian session. Generally speaking, if the London and New York sessions result in big moves, you will see consolidation during the Asian session. As Asia comes to a close the London trading session gets underway.
There are several major financial centers scattered around Europe, but London has historically been the center of all forex trading. The London session usually sees the most volatile market conditions because such a large amount of transactions take place during this trading period. Remember, volatility is good for price action traders since we deal with the core price data of the market, instead of secondary indicators that lag price. Major European news releases mainly come out during the London trading session, this means the GBP, EUR, and CHF are all typically the most active during the London session. Between 8am EST and 12pm EST there is high liquidity as the London and New York sessions overlap.
The majority of all economic reports are released around the start of the New York trading session since both Europe and New York are open at this time. All USD and CAD economic news comes out during or near the New York trading session. USD has the potential to make a big move during the New York trading session. After European markets close, volatility and liquidity tend to die down during the late-afternoon New York trading session. The New York close is very important as it marks the end of the forex trading day, it is important that you use New York close charts because many price action setups form as the trading day comes to an end. If you have no time constraints or you have a job that allows you to get on the internet and check the charts periodically, the best time to trade is from 8:00am to 12:00pm EST during the New York and London session overlap.
Both the London and New York trading sessions are excellent times to trade overall, so no matter where you live in the world you should be able to find a time that works with your schedule. However, you can trade successfully purely off the daily charts, and it is also a much more stress-free way to trade, this means you can check the charts around or shortly after the New York close each day at 5pm EST. The Asian trading session tends to be the least volatile, so if you are looking for big moves to occur, you are likely going to be waiting until trading gets underway in London around 3am EST. Sundays are typically not worth trading because movement is very low and nothing significant has happened yet to set the currency pairs in motion. Tuesday, Wednesday, and Thursday, Friday can be good to trade too up until about 12pm EST when London closes.